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Ebola outbreak: Number of people believed infected rises above 10,000

A health worker checks the temperature of a woman leaving Guinea at the border with Mali, the sixth West African country to report an Ebola case.

Death of toddler in Mali who had contact with at least 300 during journey prompts Mauritania to close border

 

More than 10,000 people have been infected with Ebola and nearly half of them have died, according to figures released Saturday by the World Health Organization, as the outbreak continues to spread.

 

 

The Ebola epidemic in West Africa is the largest ever outbreak of the disease with a rapidly rising death toll in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. There have also been cases in three other West African countries, Spain and the United States.

The UN health agency said Saturday that the number of confirmed, probable and suspected cases has risen to 10,141. Of those cases, 4,922 people have died. Its figures show about 200 new cases since the last report, four days ago.

Even those grisly tolls are likely an underestimate, WHO has warned, as many people in the hardest hit countries have been unable or too frightened to seek medical care.

A shortage of labs capable of handling potentially infected blood samples has also made it difficult to track the outbreak. For example, the latest numbers show no change in Liberia’s case toll, suggesting the numbers may be lagging behind reality.

‘Together, we’re going to beat it’

On Thursday, authorities confirmed that the disease had spread to Mali, the sixth West African country affected, and on the same day a new case was confirmed in New York, in a doctor recently returned from Guinea.

Mali had long been considered highly vulnerable to the disease, since it shares a border with Guinea. The disease arrived there in a 2-year-old, who travelled from Guinea with her grandmother by bus and died Friday.

The toddler, who was bleeding from her nose during the journey, may have had high-risk contact with many people, the World Health Organization warned. So far, 43 people are being monitored in isolation for signs of the disease, and WHO said Saturday that authorities are continuing to look for more people at risk.

Malian border police said Saturday that neighbouring Mauritania closed its border with Mali in the wake of the case.

To help fight Ebola, the UN humanitarian flight service airlifted medical supplies to Mali late Friday. The seats of the plane were removed to make room for the cargo, which included hazard suits for health workers, surgical gloves, face shields and buckets, according to the World Food Program, which runs the flights.

In Liberia, the country hardest hit by the epidemic, U.S. forces have been building desperately needed treatment centres and helping to bring in aid. On Saturday, Maj. Gen. Darryl Williams, who was in charge of the troops assigned to the Ebola response, handed power to Maj. Gen. Gary J. Volesky, the 101st Airborne commander.

“I’ve been told that by a number of people that the task we face is extremely hard. Well, a fairly famous person once said hard is not impossible,” Volesky said. “Together, we’re going to beat it.”

Meanwhile, some in Ghana were worried that a strike by health care workers that began Friday could leave the country vulnerable to Ebola. Ghana does not border any country with reported cases, but it is serving as the headquarters for the U.N. mission on Ebola.

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Ebola Outbreak: 15 More Countries and 70 Million at Risk of Virus

The deadliest outbreak of Ebola in history could spread to over 15 more African countries and affect up to 70 million people, a study has found.

A map, based on a model created by a team led by University of Oxford scientists, predicts that in animal populations the Ebola virus could be circulating across a vast swathe of forested West and Central Africa.

The area stretches across seven countries which have already reported Ebola transmission from animals to humans, as well as other countries including Ghana, Cameroon, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Tanzania and Madagascar.

The research is the first of its kind to attempt to explain how the virus, which is spread through contact with infected bodily fluids, has moved west across the African continent.

The World Health Organization reported earlier this week that 2,288 people have been killed in the current outbreak, with around half dying within the last three weeks.

For the study, researchers compared previous outbreaks of the virus to its potential transmission in chimpanzees and bats, to predict how the disease could spread.

The virus has been found in three different species of fruit bat, including the hammer-headed bat, Franquet’s epauletted fruit bat and the little collared fruit bat. They pass the disease onto other animals, which are eaten by some communities as “bush meat”.

So far, there have been only 30 confirmed cases of Ebola transmission from animals to humans, with most instances of transmission thought to arise from close contact through hunting or butchering infected animals.

However, international efforts to control outbreaks of Ebola in humans in West Africa and reports of a separate outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo highlight the importance of being prepared for future outbreaks of the disease so that they can be stopped early.

To generate the model, researchers brought together available data on where human and animal infections have occurred since 1976, when the virus was discovered. The team looked for similarities in environmental factors such as vegetation, elevation, temperature and estimated distribution of bat populations.

The map identifies similar areas where the virus is likely to be carried by animals, where there may be a risk of transmission to humans triggering future outbreaks.

“Although the disease may be found in animals across a wide area, outbreaks are still very rare; very few animals in this region have detectable infections and it is extremely rare for humans to catch the disease from them,” said lead author David Pigott, of Oxford University’s Department of Zoology.

“Our map shows the likely ‘reservoir’ of Ebola virus in animal populations and this is larger than has been previously appreciated. This does not mean that transmission to humans is inevitable in these areas; only that all the environmental and epidemiological conditions suitable for an outbreak occur there,” said researcher Nick Golding.

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