Tag Archives: Denmark

Lars von Trier: ‘I’ve started drinking again, so I can work’

How was AA?

I went to AA meetings every day for half a year. We supported each other to keep sober. These people kind of become your family. I used all my strength to get sober – now I start to drink a little again, so that I can work. When you shoot a film, it’s hard work, and you tend to drink more.

So drinking is a short cut to your creativity?

I’ve taken other drugs that helped me a lot – that was kind of the way I worked. But drinking is more to overcome some anxiety.

Where does your anxiety come from?

I’ve had it since I was a child. I believe that if you are an artist and you’re drunk (laughing), you’re more sensitive. I have this theory: scientists say that 80% of our mental work is to stop the senses. So we have filters to block useless information. But if you are sensitive, then it means these filters are a bit broken. At least that’s what I see at AA. Sensitivity gives you anxiety. Even when I’ve worked with anxiety in therapy for all my life, anxiety is something that you can handle sometimes, while other times it’s impossible.

Björk, with Catherine Deneuve, in Dancer in the Dark
‘We had such an intense contact’ … Björk, with Catherine Deneuve, in Dancer in the Dark. Photograph: Rex

What is your method for handling it?

It’s not to discharge it, but to go into it, to make peace with it. This theory is good, but very difficult. I meditate a lot as well. But when you shoot, you don’t have time to do something for yourself, and you tend to drink just to be able to get there in the morning. I remember doing this film (Dancer in the Dark) with Björk, and I was crying – almost kind of giving up. It was such a struggle, and she was so crazy that she always wanted to run away. Then I had to go get her and persuade her to come back. But she was one of the best actresses that I have worked with. When we worked, we had such an intense contact, but when we didn’t work, we were just fighting. It was ridiculous.

Does psychiatric therapy help?

I take a lot of medication. Right now it’s good. Sometimes my psychiatrist says I take too much medicine, and I’m not mentally up to my best.

You’re obviously rebelling against something in each film you’ve made. What are you are rebelling against?

Rebelling is part of my family. If you come to a family gathering, the family says something, you have to say something else. Then my family met my wife’s family, who said yes to everything, but my family often said no. If I see a form or a concept, I’d naturally challenge it, to see if there’s any possibility to gain more from it.

People living in a society like Denmark don’t need to struggle against poverty or dictatorship?

That’s it – I’m in a position where I can rebel. As you said, we are living relatively comfortable lives, although we have had some terrorist attacks which have never happened before. So I can make a film that’s different from films that people want to see, which is important.

What is your opinion of the terrorist attack? Should some jokes be forbidden?

Everyone seems to encourage artists to draw whatever they want, and provocatively see it as “cherishing freedom of speech”. But this isn’t always the case. In Denmark, there are extreme rightwing people who wanted to irritate and humiliate Muslims. Politically, it is a different situation in France, as Charlie Hebdo is a leftwing paper.

Does your sense of humour mean that your films are not always interpreted the way you mean them to be?

A sense of humour can also be used to rebel. It’s more about using it as a tool than about making a film to make people laugh.

Each film you’ve made is a statement. Do you worry that viewers might get it all wrong?

A long time ago I said that I’m indifferent to how my films are used and for what purposes. The only thing that’s important to me is that there are different versions of the last film I made (Nymphomaniac), and it’s important to know which one is the director’s cut.

Why is sex essential to your films?

I came from a nudist family. I don’t know what that has to do with sex … it’s the matter of being real. We did it as real as we could by using porn doubles and computer graphics.

Literature-inspired … Nymphomaniac. Photograph: Sportsphoto Ltd./Allstar

Is creating “discomfort” a fundamental part of your creativity?

On the way to making Nymphomaniac, I had been reading a lot. I have read everything Dostoevsky wrote. Now I’m reading Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy, whose War and Peace I liked tremendously. There’s a much longer tradition in book writing, and I had great pleasure reading Joyce and Proust. Lots of the things writers use in books are fantastic; I’m trying to see if I can translate them into films.

Why are all your protagonists female? Do you think you are more in touch with your feminine side?

Maybe. It would be extremely difficult to give the same things to a male lead. Also, I’ve always been a great fan of Carl Dreyer. He always had female leads in his films.

What are you working on now?

I don’t know. The problem is it’s very easy to finance something for a TV series, but I’m not sure if that’s the way I should go.

Does Dogme 95 still exist?

I don’t think there’s anyone still working based on those rules. What happened was it was intended to be shot on 35mm film, and we had a long discussion in the group about if it was possible. We ended up buying very cheap film – but “being cheap” wasn’t the point. The intention was to create a space for actors where they could do their best work.

Was there a reason the prelude to Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde featured throughout Melancholia?

After watching Kubrick’s films, I also tried to use a musical theme in my last two movies. I was meant to direct a Ring cycle at Bayreuth 15 years ago, and I worked there for two years. But the Wagner family were fighting. Someone who had worked with them in the past told me that the family would trick you by saying yes to everything first, then say no. So I confronted them, and they concluded it wouldn’t work out. Years ago, I said: “If I ever should do an opera, I’d like to do The Ring in Bayreuth.” Ah, it’s still so tempting.


The Arctic Is Now A Frozen Conflict

Arctic Territorial Claims

In 2007 a Russian-led polar expedition, descending through the icy waters of the Arctic Ocean in a Mir submarine, planted a titanium Russian tricolour on the sea bed 4km (2.5 miles) beneath the North Pole. “The Arctic has always been Russian,” declared Artur Chilingarov, one of the polar explorers. In the event, fears that the action would set off a scramble for Arctic territory and riches proved unfounded.

Over the next few years the Arctic Council (a talking shop for governments with territories inside the Arctic Circle, and others who attend as observers) became much more influential and one of the few remaining border disputes there (between Norway and Russia) was settled.

Now Denmark has staked a claim to the North Pole, too. On December 15th it said that, under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), some 900,000 square kilometres of the Arctic Ocean north of Greenland belongs to it (Greenland is a self-governing part of Denmark).

The timing was happenstance. Claims under UNCLOS have to be made within ten years of ratification—and the convention became law in Denmark on December 16th 2004. But its claim conflicts with those of Russia, which has filed its own case under UNCLOS, and (almost certainly) Canada, which plans to assert sovereignty over part of the polar continental shelf (see map).

The prize for these countries is the mineral wealth of the Arctic, which global warming may make more accessible. Temperatures in the region are rising at twice the rate of the rest of the Earth. According to the United States Geological Survey, the area has an eighth of the world’s untapped oil and perhaps a quarter of its gas.

Hitherto most people have assumed that competition to develop these resources would be gentlemanly. The Arctic, a Norwegian admiral told a big conference two years ago, is “probably the most stable area in the world”.

Drilling for oil and gas there is extremely expensive, and falling oil prices have made the economics of Arctic energy even less favourable. This gives would-be prospectors an interest in co-operating, not in adding to the risks and costs.

The melting of the summer sea ice has also opened up trade routes between Asia and Europe via the top of the world; 71 cargo ships plied the north-east passage last summer, up from 46 in 2012. And trade requires rules.

Moreover, under UNCLOS, most of the known energy and mineral reserves are within countries’ 200-nautical mile economic zones anyway. So everyone has an interest in minimising conflicts and amicably settling those that crop up.

But reasons for restraint are not always proof against sabre-rattling—and Russia has been indulging in that of late. In addition to annexing Crimea, this summer it carried out extensive combat exercises in the Arctic for the first time since the end of the cold war.

It is re-equipping old Soviet bases there and in July tested the first of its new-generation rockets, called the Angara, from a cosmodrome in the high north. Sweden spent part of the summer searching for a Russian submarine that it suspected of slipping into its territorial waters.

Denmark’s claim will test whether Russia is willing to stick to the rules in the Arctic. It is based on a provision of the law of the sea which says countries may control an area of seabed if they can show it is an extension of their continental shelf.

(Denmark argues that the Lomonosov ridge, which bisects the Arctic, starts in Greenland.) All Arctic countries, Russia included, have promised to respect this law.

In 2007 the Russians understood the advantages of doing so. “When Russian divers planted their flag on the North Pole seabed,” says Per Stig Moller, a former Danish foreign minister, “I chided my Russian counterpart by saying: ‘Just because you plant a flag there doesn’t mean you own it.’ To which he replied: ‘Just because the Americans plant a flag on the Moon…’”

Denmark introduces rehab for Syrian fighters

An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.

Aarhus, Denmark – An innovative rehabilitation programme is offering Danish Muslims in Syria an escape route from the conflict zone and help getting their lives back on track without the threat of prosecution.

The programme, a collaboration between welfare services and police in Aarhus, Denmark’s second largest city, offers treatment for shrapnel and gunshot wounds and psychological trauma to returning fighters and humanitarian volunteers as well as assisting them with finding work or resuming their education.

The programme also provides support to the families of those already in Syria, ranging from helping them stay in touch via Skype to liaising with government officials, consulates and intelligence agencies to help get their relatives home when they decide they want to leave.

The scheme offers an alternative approach to the latest tough measures unveiled this week in the UK, where returning Britons already faced likely arrest and the threat of prosecution on terrorism charges.

David Cameron, the British prime minister, on Monday gave police additional powers to confiscate passports and place restrictions on suspected extremists, as well as announcing moves to ban British citizens deemed to pose a threat to national security from returning to the UK.

Last month Boris Johnson, the mayor of London, said returnees from Iraq and Syria should be presumed guilty of involvement in terrorism unless they could prove otherwise.

But Steffen Nielsen, a crime prevention advisor and part of a multi-agency task force tackling radicalisation and discrimination in Aarhus, said authorities there have instead adopted a “soft-hands approach” and were providing help to about 10 out of 15 people who had returned from Syria.

“We are actually embracing them when they come home. Unlike in England, where maybe you’re interned for a week while they figure out who you are, we say ‘Do you need any help?'” Nielsen told Al Jazeera.

While accepting that some returnees did pose a threat that would require security services to “kick down doors”, Nielsen said most needed support to recover from an often terrifying and demoralising ordeal.

“A lot of guys who come home have experienced a loss of innocence and some sort of loss of moral belief. They thought they were going down there for a good cause. And what they found was thugs who are decapitating women and children and raping and killing people, and everything smells and you’ve got diarrhoea from drinking the water and it’s not the great cosmic battle for al-Sham that you’d imagined.”

Denmark’s PET intelligence agency estimates that more than 100 people have gone to Syria since the war began in 2011, and that at least 15 have died. It said in June that a “significant number” of Danes had acquired “specific military skills as a result of training and participation in combat operations” which could be used to carry out terror attacks.

Police in Aarhus believe they include about 30 people from the city. Danish media reported in July on the death of a local teenager alleged to have been fighting with Islamic State while another local man, a 21-year-old white Danish convert, is believed to have carried out a suicide bombing in Iraq earlier this year.

But Nielsen remains sceptical about how many have been involved in serious fighting and said most who had returned appeared to have travelled to participate in humanitarian work.

He is wary of pictures posted on social media of supposed foreign fighters posing with weapons, suspecting that few graduate to the frontline. Those that did were not the ones coming home, he added.

“The intelligence service says more than 100 people have gone to Syria and their definition is always that they have gone there to fight. But we don’t know if they are fighting, and we suspect that the intelligence service doesn’t know either.”

Nielsen said the programme’s separation from the work of the security services and police investigators was critical to its credibility and ability to build relationships in Aarhus’ Muslim communities.

“We are very upfront. If we have very clear information that you have fertiliser in the basement then we will pass that on. Otherwise we have a principle that no information goes to the secret service because we can’t work with people if they think we are passing on information.”

The programme has also proved effective in stemming the flow of volunteers to Syria by reaching out to leaders of a controversial local mosque linked in the Danish media to 22 people who travelled there last year. Since then, just one person is believed to have followed them.

“They had to decide whether they wanted to talk to us or reject us and they chose to talk. Kudos to them,” said Nielsen. “We said, we think it should be handled like this. Young people without any training shouldn’t be going to Syria. People from Denmark are not equipped to handle themselves in a conflict zone.”

Oussama El Saadi, chairman of the Grimhojvej mosque, said leaders of the mosque were supportive of the approach taken by the local authorities.

“We think this is the right way,” El Saadi told Al Jazeera. “Not blaming them and making them feel that they have done a terrible thing and losing contact with them. This is also our approach. Don’t make them feel that they have done something wrong. Give them an opportunity to come back and tell what they have experienced.”

While the UK’s latest package of counter-terrorism measures includes compulsory participation in a de-radicalisation programme for those deemed to hold radical beliefs, Nielsen said Aarhus’ scheme was voluntary and did not address issues of ideology.

“We don’t spend a lot of energy fighting ideology. We don’t try to take away your jihadist beliefs. You are welcome to dream of the Caliphate. But there are some means that you cannot use according to the penal code here. You can be al-Shabab all you like, as long as you don’t actually do al-Shabab.”

‘Trial and error’

Mehdi Mozaffari, an expert on Islamism and radicalisation at Aarhus University, said he welcomed efforts to help young Muslims in the city at risk of being drawn into violence.

But he said work was needed more widely in Denmark to promote democratic values in marginalised communities and to integrate young Muslims and called for a coherent European Union-wide strategy to tackle the threat posed by Islamic extremism.

“It is positive. Every attempt to keep them out of terrorism and war is welcome,” Mozaffari told Al Jazeera. “There is a need for decisive initiatives but I don’t think this kind of small project will radically change the situation and nothing guarantees that it will be a success.”

Nielsen accepts that much of the work being done in Aarhus is “trial and error”, describing the city as a “petri dish” for new methods. He said much of the programme had been developed when Jabhat al-Nusra was still the dominant rebel faction, with the rapid rise of Islamic State posing new dangers and greater uncertainty for Danes involved in the conflict.

“It has made communication easier. Islamic State is so openly violent that it has made it easier for us to say, look, these guys are crazy, these guys do outrageous stuff. You are the one who risk being maimed and used in fighting against other rebels instead of Assad’s forces. But at the same time, their success makes them more appealing to some young people.”

Danish authorities are also coming under increasing political pressure to take a tougher approach, with police on Wednesday arresting the head of an aid charity accused of raising money for Islamic State, and leaders of right-wing parties calling on the government to create powers to strip Danes who travel to Syria of their citizenship.

“We are experiencing more political pressure to do something more like the British stuff,” said Nielsen. “The entire political debate is rife with simplifications. You can choose to shut them out and say okay, you chose to be a jihadist, we can’t use you anymore. Or you can take the inclusive way and say, okay, there is always a door if you want to be a contributing member to society. Not because we are nice people, but because we think that is what works.”

The Pirate Bay Blocking Is Effective Suggests MPAA Research – Pirate Bay hacking case starts in confusion

Hollywood and other entertainment groups have tried time and again to block The Pirate Bay in many countries. Of course, they have succeeded in blocking access to TPB. Recently, the MPAA conducted a research in order to show that blocking a website like The Pirate Bay can prove to be effective. 

Among many other tools to curb piracy, entertainment groups love the website blocking and have been urging ISPs to block access to ‘copyright-infringing’ websites.

TorrentFreak noted that despite countries opting for website blocking as a solution to piracy, many have questioned the effectiveness. A Dutch court announced to unblock The Pirate Bay a few months ago.

Now, MPAA states in an internal research that blocking a website is a good idea.

The website revealed that a leaked draft mentioned the internal MPAA research that different copyright agencies want to present to the Australian government.

“Recent research of the effectiveness of site blocking orders in the UK found that visits to infringing sites blocked declined by more than 90% in total during the measurement period or by 74.5% when proxy sites are included,” the report reads.

So, the MPAA suggests that blocking websites helps in curbing piracy.

Chris Dodd, MPAA chief stated that ISPs blocking websites, like The Pirate Bay, is a great tool.

“In particular, Section 97A of the Copyright Act allowing courts to issue injunctions against service providers who know their services are being utilized for infringing purposes, has been one of the most effective tools anywhere in the world,” Dodd states.

TorrentFreak questioned the MPAA’s intention to take an interest in the blockades in UK. The website pointed out that the U.S. is the biggest source of traffic for The Pirate Bay and it is likely that the MPAA wants to block websites like Pirate Bay in the U.S.

Pirate Bay hacking case starts in confusion

Pirate Bay hacking case starts in confusion

The largest hacking case in Danish history began in confusion on Tuesday, after lawyers representing Swedish Pirate Bay co-founder Gottfrid Svartholm Warg and his 21-year-old Danish co-defendant accused the prosecution of “unreasonable” tactics.

The prosecution submitted a new 27-page document, and a USB stick containing 92 slides the morning the case began – documents that the defence complained should have been shown to them in advance, were confusing, and contained factual errors. 

“It is unreasonable to produce this kind of factual and technically difficult material in a case of this nature,” Michael Juul Eriksen, who is representing the 21-year-old told the court. “I believe that the proceedings should be postponed if the material is to be permitted.”

Judge Kari Sørensen announced a 30-minute pause just 22 minutes after the proceedings began, and then after the case resumed, and the two sides were still unable to reach an agreement, she put proceedings on hold until after lunch.

The two men are accused of hacking into Danish computer mainframes operated by US IT giant USC, stealing social security numbers from Denmark’s national driving licence database, illegally accessing information in a Schengen Region database and hacking into police email accounts.

The security breach has been a serious scandal in Denmark, with CSC and the police both coming under intense criticism. 

Warg, 29, arrived in court early dressed in a crumpled white shirt and a grey hooded top, his once straggly hair shaven close. 

Despite being held in solitary confinement in one of Denmark’s highest security prisons since November, he appeared in good spirits, intensely scrutinising the new documents submitted, and joking with his lawyer Louise Høj. 

His Danish co-defendant looked comparatively smart in a crisp check shirt, blue jumper and thick black-rimmed designer glasses, inscrutable apart from when he waved and grinned at family and friends seated with the press behind a perspex screen. 

After the senior prosecutor Maria Cingali read out the charges, Warg, speaking through his lawyer, pleaded “not guilty”.

Eriksen then objected to the new documents entered into the trial. 

When Anders Riisager, the deputy public prosecutor, who has been called in to assist Cingali in the case, retorted that the prosecution is under no obligation to provide all documents in advance, Eriksen argued that the fact that he had come prepared indicated he had expected the defence to object. 

The prosecution’s indictment, submitted at the start of July, ran to just two pages, and contained very little information on what evidence they had amassed in their 15-month investigation of the case. 

Warg is expected to argue, as he did in the related Swedish case in 2013, that the Macbook computer seized at his flat in Cambodia in August 2012, which contains much of the incriminating information for both cases, was a server he shared with several other people. 

One of those others, he claims, may have accessed the computer remotely and then used it to carry out the intrusion. 

Sweden’s Appeal Court ruled in 2013 that the prosecution had not provided sufficient evidence to rule out the possibility of remote control, as a result clearing Warg of hacking into the Scandinavian bank Nordea. 

Police have failed to break the encryption on the 21-year-old Dane’s computer, despite his long 15-month wait in remand since his arrest. 

The 21-year-old’s grandfather, who was in court to give his support, complained that the police had “absolutely nothing” to go on. 

“I think the prosecution has a very, very meagre case,” he said. “They can’t find their own legs, and I hope Maria Cingali, who has been a big loud mouth in this case, has a very heavy fall.”

A key part of the police evidence cited in the remand hearings has been internet chats from February 2012 between a hacker who calls himself ‘Advanced Persistent Terrorist Threat’, who police believe is the Dane, and another called ‘My Evil Twin’, who police believe is Warg. 

According to an article in Politiken on Sunday, the prosecution also has evidence that the Danish defendant travelled

to Cambodia, where Warg was then living in March 2012, just a month before CSC was hacked for the first time. 

“Let me put it this way,” Riisager told the newspaper. “The accused’s comings and goings, including his travel, travel routes and stopping places, are of course interesting and are part of the evidence.”

The police will also look at the timing of the intrusion, pointing out that the incursion into CSC’s mainframe ended on August 30th, 2012, the same day that Warg’s computers were seized. 

Warg’s roles in setting up The Pirate Bay, a website allowing users to share films and music, so bypassing copyright, and advising WikiLeaks on encryption and security, have won him the support of hacktivist circles, in which he goes by the name “anakata”. 

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has credited Svartholm Warg with setting up “a key part of our infrastructure”. 

One of the key witnesses the defence plan to call is Jacob Appelbaum, another WikiLeaks collaborator, whose testimony in 2013 was key to exonerating Svartholm at appeal in Sweden. 

In the run up to the trial, the prosecution tried to prevent Appelbaum appearing, complaining that he had described Svartholm as “a political prisoner” in a tweet.

NATO states create new multilateral force – British-led unit of 10,000 formed in response to Ukraine crisis

Nato secretary general Anders Fogh Rasmussen addresses a news conference during a Nato foreign ministers meeting at the Alliance headquarters in Brussels on April 2 2014

Britain and six other states are to create a new joint expeditionary force of at least 10,000 personnel to bolster Nato’s power in response to Russian aggression in Ukraine.

The force will be one of the boldest steps taken by any group of Nato members in response to the crisis. The aim is to create a fully functioning, division-sized force for rapid deployment and regular, frequent exercises.

Officials involved in the planning say it will have the capacity to increase significantly in size.

The force will incorporate air and naval units as well as ground troops and will be led by British commanders, with other participating nations contributing a range of specialist troops and units.

Countries involved at present include Denmark, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Norway and the Netherlands. Canada has also expressed an interest in taking part.

The announcement of the force’s creation is expected next week by British prime minister David Cameron in his position as host of the biennial Nato summit in Wales.

The model for the new JEF will be Britain’s expeditionary force with France, which has been years in the making and is due to be fully operational by 2016. Co-ordinating a force across seven nations is likely to be an even bigger endeavour.

Russia’s invasion of Crimea and armed intervention in Ukraine has left Nato scrambling to find robust policy responses to counter further aggression from Moscow.

While the 28-state alliance has stopped short of permanently deploying troops in eastern Europe – a measure that would violate several long-standing agreements with Russia – it has committed to a programme of significant military exercises and the development of more flexible, rapid reaction forces.

Though details of the new UK-led expeditionary force have to be ironed out, it will probably involve regular significant exercises in Europe and elsewhere, according to one senior military officer involved in planning it.

Such substantial measures will be essential in sending a message to the Kremlin, analysts say. “We need to end the idea of different zones of security in Europe,” said Jonathan Eyal, international director at the London-based Royal United Services Institute.

“We need to be talking about prepositioning, regular rotation of troops and making it very clear that we do not accept that the eastern Europeans are in some different category of membership of Nato.”

While Britain will undertake much of the initial legwork in organising the structure and logistics, UK officials hope it will bring significant benefits. The British army has been intensively lobbying for more deployments abroad in order to keep it fighting fit.

For the first time in their history, almost all of Britain’s land forces will be permanently based on home soil after the withdrawal from Afghanistan is complete.

The venture will also be a powerful diplomatic tool in cementing relationships with eastern European economics, officials believe.

And the requirements for participating states to integrate into a harmonious command and control structure may produce benefits in encouraging the use of British-produced equipment.

Denmark sends soldiers, military equipment to Erbil as requested by US & Iraqi governments

Denmark to deploy military personnel in Iraq
Denmark will send a Hercules C-130J transport aircraft and 55 personnel to Erbil on Thursday.

On Wednesday, at the request of the American and Iraqi governments, the Danish Parliament unanimously approved to send Danish soldiers, military transport planes and military equipment to Erbil, Kurdistan Region, to contribute to the international military campaign against the organization of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

A source close to the Danish Parliament said that “the transport aircraft C-130, loaded with military equipment as well as 55 soldiers, is scheduled to arrive on Thursday,” according to state news agency Anatolia.

Kurdish Peshmerga forces stand guard at the Bakirta frontline near the town of Makhmur, south of Erbil, August 28, 2014. — Reuters pic
Kurdish Peshmerga forces stand guard at the Bakirta frontline near the town of Makhmur, south of Erbil, August 28, 2014. — Reuters pic

Earlier today Albania announced that it had delivered 10 thousand Kalashnikovs, 22 million bullets of 7.62 mm, 15 thousand hand grenades, and 32 thousand pieces of ammunition for rocket launchers of various calibers.

On Tuesday, the United States Department of Defense announced that 7 countries pledged to provide military support for Iraq and the Kurdistan Region and NATO announce its readiness to intervene militarily to help Iraq if it is requested by the Iraqi government.

Copenhagen Main Rigshospital Expansion (PHOTOS)

A team of Creatives, including architects at 3XN, has won a competition for the expansion of Copenhagen’s main hospital, Rigshospitalet, expected to be completed in early 2017. Here you can find the winning proposal.

The integration of sustainable building solutions, gardens and green walls both inside and outside has been a key focus throughout the design process: “The idea is that the integration of a green environment both inside and outside will contribute to an ambience that has a healing effect on patients and will also create a positive physical environment for staff and visitors. At the same time, these features will minimize negative environmental impacts”, says 3XN’s partner and creative director, Kim Herforth Nielsen.

Interior view

Interior view

Interior view, auditorium


Address: Blegdamsvej, Copenhagen, Denmark
Client: Rigshospitalet

• Aarhus Arkitekterne: Lead Consultants
• 3XN Architects: Head of Concept and Design
• Nickl & Partner Architekten AG: Specialist in hospital architecture
• Grontmij: Engineering
• Kristine Jensens Studio: Landscape

Functions: Operating rooms, wards, administration, research & education, outpatient departments, radiology.
Size: 76,000 (Moreover: Patient hotel: 7,400 m2, multi-storey car park 17,000 m2)
Facade: Glass and Jura Gelb natural stone
Floors: 9 (scales down to 4)
Expected sustainability certification: BREEAM Excellent